Water occurs naturally on earth’s surface. One characteristic property of free natural water is its continual motion, impacted primarily by input of radiant energy from the sun, which causes evaporation, and subsequent condensation, which falls back as rain. This rubs off on its abundance in an area. Abundant supply of water or lack of it attracts or dissuades settlement the world over. Perhaps this accounts for the mention in the report of the Akinola Aguda committee on the relocation of the Federal Capital.
And thus began the journey of ABUJA and its siamese component of water needs. From inception in 1976 water supply in the city was managed by a sub-directorate in the Department of Engineering Services of the Federal Capital Development Authority FCDA until the inauguration of the Federal Capital Territory Water Board 13 years after. In a capsule, the Board has the responsibility of providing healthy and adequate water for human consumption and industrial uses in the Federal Capital Territory.
The Board has since transformed from a mere service provider to full-fletch, self sustaining corporate entity providing an economic service in the urban areas and social service in the rural areas. In 1998, the Board, for instance, ceased getting subventions from government and has been meeting most of its recurrent commitments through internally generated revenue. With the expansion of capacity and consequently its services to consumers, prospects for a more independent existence are brighter in the years ahead.